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Volkswagen Vanagon Transporter Air cooled 4 cyl 1980-1983

The Volkswagen Type 2 (T3) is the third generation associated with the Volkswagen Transporter and was sold under different nameplates global -- like since the Transporter or Caravelle in Europe, Microbus in Southern Africa, so when the Vanagon in North and South America.

Larger and heavy than its predecessor, the T2, -- sufficient reason for a far more squared much less curved styling -- the T3 had been stated in Germany from 1979 until 1990. Production of the 2WD (mostly for formal utilize, like postal solution or German military) continuing until 1992 at Puch in Graz/Austria, in which all 4WDs have been built. South African production of the T3 continuing, for that markets just, until 2002. The T3 was the final generation of rear-engined Volkswagens.

After the T2, the nature 2, T3 - Transporter 2 Generation 3 (and referred to as T3's) - in the beginning showcased air-cooled and consequently water-cooled engines. Models produced in South Africa from 1990 until 2002 featured an Audi five-cylinder system.

Volkswagen sold the Westfalia camper variation for the T3 manufacturing, with functions like a pop up roofing, refrigerator, sink, and stove.
1991 Volkswagen Transporter (Typ 245) 2-door energy

Instances built between 1980 and 1985 featured circular headlights and chrome-plated steel bumpers with plastic end-caps. Air-cooled systems (1980 to mid-1983) are lacking the low barbecue grill above the radiator of this water-cooled systems, except on systems with factory air-conditioning. 1986 design season automobiles obtained changes including a tachometer, most material options, redesigned ac unit, bigger water-cooled motor with an even more advanced engine management system, and redesigned transmissions like an optional Syncro four-wheel drive. Outside changes feature rectangular headlights (on chosen brands) and differing paint alternatives. Alloy wheels, bigger and squarer vinyl bumpers with trim along the rocker panels are optional, and standard equipment on Wolfsburg version vans. For 1990 and 1991 design many years, a "Carat" trim level was available which included all available choices (except Westfalia transformation and 4WD).

All 1980 plus some 1981 products have eight welded-in steel slats within the engine air flow passages behind the trunk microsoft windows. Later on versions had black colored plastic 16-slat covers that slotted in at the top and screwed down in the bottom.

During 1980s, the U.S. military and Air Force in Germany made use of T3's as administrative (non-tactical) automobiles. In armed forces make use of the vehicle's nomenclature had been "lighter Truck, Commercial".

Porsche has created a variation labeled as B32 in a limited edition. The van, based on the luxurious Carat design, ended up being equipped with the 231 PS (170 kW) 3.2 liter Carrera system and is originally developed to support Porsche's testing tasks in Algeria. Ten of these had been built, with a few marketed by Porsche to unique consumers. Porsche by themselves furthermore made use of the Porsche-engined bus to transport team quickly. Top speed is around 135 miles per hour (217 km/h), although Porsche just advertised 116 miles per hour (187 km/h) to make sure that the data could possibly be replicated with nine society when you look at the automobile and with the air-con on complete blast.

Oettinger has developed a six-cylinder version labeled as WBX6. The motor comes from the "Wasserboxer" system and it has most common areas along with it. The introduction of the system was originally contracted to Oettinger by VW. Oettinger bought the rights when VW do not make use of it.

Because of the system position, a T3 have nearly equal 50/50 weight distribution fore-and-aft. The first air-cooled engines had been notably high priced to create together with some reliability troubles. Volkswagen initially supposed to change them with the Golf's inline-four motor although price of re manufacturing both automobile and engine made them choose for upgrading the flat-four rather. An overhead-cam build is mooted but denied as readiness to rev is regarded as being of less importance than low-end mobility and low cost. The new 1.9 "Wasserboxer" (for water-cooled boxer) has also been initially considered for use in certain other Volkswagens like the Gol, which nevertheless relied in the old air-cooled flat-four at that time.

The U.S variation 1.9 liter 1984 together with subsequent 1985 or more water-cooled gasoline machines skilled significant and duplicated problems with cylinder head area erosion and coolant leakages. 2.1lr machines experienced equivalent, mainly due to lacking the antifreeze altered usually enough.

There have been four general petrol motor alternatives between 1979 and 1991, with a few sub-models. All had been overhead-valve push-rod horizontally compared four-cylinder engines. Offered engine choices differed between regions. Aftermarket VW specialist Oettinger in addition offered the WBX6, a six-cylinder version.

Air-cooled (1979--1982)
1.6 L (1,584 cc) (50 bhp/37 kW) (Serial # CT) air-cooled, single Solex 34 PICT-4 carburettor (unavailable in the united states)
2.0 L (1,970 cc) (70 bhp/51 kW) (Serial # CU or CV) air-cooled, twin Solex 34 PDSIT-2/3 carburettor or gasoline injected (Bosch L-Jetronic) flat-four when you look at the 1980 to 1983 designs

US Vanagon model variants included the Vanagon, featuring plastic seats and a spartan internal; the Vanagon L with recommended fabric chairs, much more upscale indoor panels, and an optional dashboard blower; the Vanagon GL with increased equipment, plus the Westfalia pop-top camper Vanagons, which came in 2 variations. A Camper version with incorporated home, filled with fridge (which went on Propane, 110V or 12V), a-two burner kitchen stove, and stainless sink with onboard water-supply. A fold down rear bench chair transformed into a bed together with pop-top included a fold out bed; these models could sleeping four adults. A 'Weekender ' version which lacked the fridge, propane kitchen stove, and sink regarding the full 'camper' variations supplied an optional detachable pantry with a 12 volt cooler and self-contained sink. In 1984, the Wolfsburg version was configured with a rear workbench chair and two forward-facing center seats. Underneath the bench chair, which folded right down to render full-size bed, was a storage area and a rear heater.

Wolfsburg version "Weekender" versions showcased two rear-facing chairs behind the front chairs in place of a center workbench chair and a dining table might fold up from sidewall -- or fold straight down if not used. "Multivan" models showcased Wolfsburg version trim and an interior with rear-facing seats. Wolfsburg Edition and camper van motors were outfitted for Volkswagen because of the Westfalia factory.

Syncro designs are stated in limited figures from 1985 through 1992, with the four-wheel drive system added by Steyr-Daimler-Puch Works in Graz, Austria, with a quick wheelbase and 48/52 front/rear weight distribution.

Design many years 1980 to 1985 have round sealed beam headlights. Subsequent brands for united states and European areas had round sealed beam headlights or small square headlights, with all the major lights outboard and higher beams inboard. Later on designs from South Africa gone back to round headlight housings for both the primary headlights and high-beams.

The T3 ended up being replaced by the T4 (Eurovan) in america markets in 1993 (1992 spotted no Volkswagen bus imported to the U.S. market, save customized campers sold by companies besides VW). Top-of-the-line Wolfsburg version Westfalia Campers, which had all alternatives, were towards the top of the cost range. In addition to the camper products, a Carat trim amount is available for 1990 and 1991 model ages. This model included all possibilities for Transporter setup. Some brands have optional aluminum alloy rims.

Creation of the T3 proceeded in South Africa until Summer 2002, when, as a result of the economies of scale, Volkswagen SA are obliged to discontinue manufacturing after parts supply started initially to come to be a concern. The South African T3s article 1991 have a face-lift which included altered entry way sheet steel, larger part house windows behind the B pillars and differing backside grilles when you look at the D pillars. The bodyshell is a real RHD design lacking the unused home track address in the offside and LHD wiper arm mount points as entirely on earlier in the day designs (which were originally designed as an adaptation of a LHD Twin-sliding door bodyshell). On designs with 5-cylinder machines the boot flooring was raised to support the bigger motor and contains little storing places either region of the engine hatch. Inner changes feature a totally cushioned dashboard featuring a smaller sized glove field and up-to-date vacuum-powered air flow controls run by round knobs instead of slip levers, the fuse field was also relocated to the right hand side of the steering line. At the front associated with automobile twin-headlamps in both round and rectangular configurations were installed alongside a complete width lower grille including the indicator lenses, of altered from amber to smoked contacts from 1999 onwards, this grille and headlight blend wasn't discover any place else in the world. These later on South African T3s became referred to as gigantic Window T3s due to their bigger part microsoft windows.

The final Volkswagen T3 Microbus arrived from the manufacturing range on Friday, after becoming built within Uitenhage plant for longer than twenty years.

It absolutely was a gold-painted Microbus 2,6i. So preferred was the T3 Microbus that it became part of local motoring folklore -- even the title "Kombi" features for many become a generic term for almost any minibus. Significantly more than 265 000 among these cars are integrated South Africa.

Managing manager Hans-Christian Maergner, talking at a special function to mark the end of creation of the T3 Microbus, said that it was with "a sign of sadness and nostalgia" that the T3 Microbus era had attracted to an in depth at Volkswagen Southern Africa.

"In many ways, the T3 Microbus keeps an unique location, not just in the minds of the people, like our workers, with labored on building this South African icon over the years, and the many clients who've been fortunate enough to possess one," stated Maergner.

"We begun design the Transporter, or T1, in Uitenhage in 1955, just four many years after Beetle production going. Over time it's changed it self, from the T1 toward T2 in 1968, and finally to the T3 which appeared in the neighborhood markets in 1980.

"above any kind of South African transporter, this indicates to own offered appearance to a life that is exclusively South African. All Southern Africans possess some sorts of bus facts to fairly share -- whether it's going to a soccer or cricket match in a Microbus, taking a taxi trip or joining the household on vacation, most of us have -- on some occasion -- have a way to engage in the Microbus story.

"In the plant, activities have been no different. As a result of the tenacity, development and talent of all of the who have done the T3 Microbus, from operators, through the supervision and management, right through to design engineers, we've been able to keep consitently the Microbus live for way too long -- for many years holding its against stiff competition in the marketplace.

"it's best considering decreasing economies of scale that we need call it daily -- therefore the choice by some crucial suppliers to cease producing certain of components that people needed.

"i really believe the happy tradition and standards for the Microbus will live on, not just in our hearts, but in addition into the latest generation brought in front-wheel-drive T4 Caravelle (pictured above), a really worthy successor," stated Maergner.

The final range available from Volkswagen is made of four brands -- including the Microbus 2,3i, Microbus 2,6i, Caravelle 2,6i additionally the unique version Microbus 2,6i Active (pictured right).

The 2.1 Wasserboxer machines had been replaced with five-cylinder Audi machines into the "Microbus" and "Caravelle", while a VW 1.8 inline-four cylinder system is used in the "Kombi" and "Van" systems. The 5-cylinder T3's arrived on the scene in the beginning with a 2.5 litre gas inserted motor in 1991, but this is replaced in 1995 with a 2.6 litre with a better gas shot program, 5-speed transmission and two types of 15" alloy rims as traditional (Rhein or Starburst) alongside bigger ventilated front disc brakes. A somewhat lower spec 2.3 five cylinder fuel-injected model is launched combined with 2.6 but had been built with a 4-speed transmission and changed wrap-around metal bumpers. Close to the end of manufacturing, a top regarding the number Caravelle 2.6i known as the "Exclusiv" included two rear-facing seats in place of the centre workbench chair, a fridge and a folding dining table in the rear of the vehicle and Carat 2 alloy wheels. A Microbus 2.6i with close functions, but with Rhein alloy rims ended up being known as the "Activ". The very last T3 from the production range in Uitenhage on Friday Summer 16, 2002 had been a gold-coloured Microbus 2.6i which Volkswagen SA retained for their AutoPavilion, host to Cars and Legends, which first unsealed their doors in 2004. The car ended up being later on written down in a transporter roll-over accident in November 2006, after going back from a display in Cape city.

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1980, 1981, 1982, 1983
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