Land Rover Discovery Petrol & Diesel 1989 - 1998 Haynes Owners Service & Repair Manual covers: Models include Commercial and special/limited editions.
3.5 litre (3528cc) V8 petrol
3.9 litre (3947cc) V8 petrol
200 TDi 4-cylinder turbo-diesel (2495cc)
300 TDi 4-cylinder turbo-diesel (2495cc)
LT77 5-speed manual
R380 5-speed manual
ZF4HP22 4-speed automatic
NOTE: Only maintenance, adjustment, minor repair procedures plus removal and installation are described for the transmissions.
DOES NOT cover revised range introduced December 1998.
DOES NOT cover 2.0 litre Mpi petrol engine.
Inside this manual you will find: Routine Maintenance, tune-up procedures, engine repair, cooling and heating, air-conditioning, fuel and exhaust, emissions control, ignition, brakes, suspension and steering, electrical systems and wiring diagrams.
The breakthrough show I was introduced in to the United Kingdom in 1989. The company code-named the car "venture Jay". This new model was on the basis of the chassis and drivetrain associated with the much more upmarket number Rover, however with a diminished price directed at a larger market part meant to take on Japanese choices. This is truly the only finding generation with a four-cylinder petrol engine.
1990--1993 breakthrough V8i five-door (Australia)
1989--1993 Discovery Tdi three-door (Australia)
The Discovery was initially best available as a three-door version; the five-door body style became obtainable in 1990. Both had been fitted with five seats, utilizing the choice to has two leap seats fitted in the boot. Land Rover used an external consultancy, Conran build Group, to style the inside. These people were instructed to ignore existing car interior design and position the automobile as a 'lifestyle accessory'. Their particular internal incorporated numerous earliest features, however some tips revealed regarding the initial inside mock-ups (built inside a variety Rover bodyshell at Conran's workshops) were remaining on the rack, including a custom sunglasses holder built into the center of steering wheel. The look is unveiled to critical acclaim, and won a British Design Award in 1989.
Most of the inner was constructed from 'Sonar Blue' vinyl (with blue cloth trim), with map/magazine holding slot machines over the windscreen, hand-holds for rear guests integrated in to the mind restraints for the front side chairs, remote radio controls from the instrument cluster, twin detachable sunroof panels (including an unique zip-up storage case behind the trunk seats) and a Land Rover-branded cloth textile holdall right in front centre system for oddments storing that may be taken out of the automobile and worn as a bag using a provided shoulder strap (relatively number of these bags have actually survived, creating them collectable things). Despite such services, the inner's standard structure had been exactly like the product range Rover and virtually all the switchgear and tools originated in other Rover Group cars for instance the Maestro and Montego. Similarly, the breakthrough utilised a few Range Rover human anatomy panels, as well as headlights from the cargo Rover van and taillights through the Maestro van. The latter would continue steadily to keep the Austin Rover 'chevron' logo design on their lenses until creation of initial generation advancement ended in 1998, ten years after Austin Rover stopped to exist.
The developers of the original design was in fact obligated to economise and employ the "parts container" of after that parent-company, Rover. The 200 show used the essential system layer framework from number Rover, door handles from the Morris Marina, tail lights from Austin Maestro van, and interior switchgear and instrumentation from Rover's excess components.
In 1992, the Discovery gotten a few additions and improvements. The inner ended up being offered in a far more traditional beige plus the distinctive (but controversial) light blue, a computerized transmission is offered on 200Tdi models, brand-new tints were put into the range (together with large 'compass and mountain' side decals worn by early Discoveries to disguise wavy panel compliment all over back three-quarter microsoft windows were not any longer fitted) together with 'SE' pack (integrating alloy rims, front side operating lighting, roofing pubs and a unique selection of metallic shows) is introduced as an option. A two-seater, three-door Discovery industrial variation, lacking rear side house windows, was later on made available from land-rover certain Vehicles.
Before 1994, the breakthrough had been available with either the 2.5 litre 200 Tdi engine or even the 3.5 litre Rover V8. Early V8 engines made use of a twin SU carburettor program, switching to Lucas 14CUX gas shot in 1990. A 2.0 litre petrol motor from Rover stable had been quickly obtainable in a model referred to as 2.0 L Mpi I4. This is intended to attract fleet supervisors, since British (and Italian) taxation regulations benefited motors under two litres. A variety of changes in taxation and decreased power for these types of much vehicle resulted in the demise of this engine, despite its fitment to several Discoveries furnished towards the British Royal family-most notably driven by Prince Philip around Windsor Great playground, in his place as playground Ranger.
The transmission was a permanent four wheel drive program, with increased and reduced range transfer box, securing centre differential during the transfer package. Similarly to other Land Rover number, the handbrake acts from the transmission at the rear of the transfer field, consequently securing the trunk prop shaft or both front and rear prop shafts if central differential lock try involved.
1994--1997 Land Rover Advancement V8i (Australian Continent)
In 1994, most adjustment are meant to the development. It achieved some areas given that "breakthrough 2"; the 200Tdi and 3.5 L V8 machines were changed with all the 2.5 L 300Tdi 4-cylinder and 3.9-litre Rover V8 motors. The 300Tdi introduced a Bosch digital emissions control for many versions and markets. At around this time a stronger R380 gearbox was suited to all handbook versions. The more recent models showcased larger headlamps and a second set of back lights within the bumper. This new rear lighting have their wiring configuration changed repeatedly to fulfill genuine or expected European protection legislation. Some vehicles were left with an arrangement where susceptible bumper offers the just working direction-indicator lighting; various other examples have these lights duplicated within the traditional back pillar venue.
The United States
The 1994 design year-marked initial 12 months that the development is marketed in the United States. Airbags were integrated in to the design of 1994 design to satisfy the requirements folks car regulations, though they certainly were not installed as traditional in most areas. All united states specification (NAS) systems are fitted aided by the 3.9-litre V8 through the number Rover SE brands, and later brands spotted an alteration on 4.0-litre version of the system.
Technically speaking, the 1996 to 1998 US designs with 4.0-litre machines had equivalent displacement once the 3.9-litre engines fitted to the sooner 1994 to 1995 people designs; the distinctions amongst the engines involved improvements to the block rigidity and pistons, and a big change from Lucas 14CUX engine management to the distributor-less Generic motor Management System ("GEMS"). In prior 3.9-litre people motors the gasoline injections computer (14CUX) did not control the ignition, that was alternatively influenced by a normal system with an ignition coil and provider made by Lucas. The TREASURES program was created jointly by Lucas and SAGEM; they controlled both spark time and fuel injection. Unlike the sooner methods suited to Rover V8 motors, TREASURES is made OBD-II compliant. This change was largely driven because of the national necessity (beginning in 1996) for motors offered in the United States to meet up with the OBD-II requirements.
Various other variations
1994 Honda Crossroad (Japan)
In Japan, a badge-engineered form of the finding I became supplied, called the Honda Crossroad. The Rover firms have a cross-holding partnership with Honda UNITED KINGDOM since early-1980s. The partnership ended after Rover is taken over by BMW in 1994. (Honda revived the nameplate 'Crossroad' an additional smaller sport utility car in 2007.)
In the Republic of Ireland, local taxation laws designed that the first ever example of an advancement Commercial (van) premiered indeed there in 1991. A revised version premiered in 1993, shortly after great britain market example of late 1992. The Irish instances need formed the foundation associated with development's achievements and higher sales there, as commercials take a much lower tax band.
Country lifestyle (Switzerland, 1991): the united states Life had been a five-door V8i Discovery with special internal trim, like a leather-wrapped Nardi controls, lumber home and system trim, and distinguishing decals. Additionally included a picnic container. A complete of 50 Country Life versions are built.
Orienteer (Australian Continent, 1992): The Orienteer products were all three-door, built with the V8. They were installed with five-spoke alloy wheels and operating lights, and "compass" side graphics. Seventy-five Orienteer Discoverys are built; simply because they out of stock rapidly, this special edition ended up being offered once more for 1993 model year.
Freestyle (France, 1993): The Freestyle had been readily available as either a three-door or five-door, and all are painted metallic blue and adorned with Freestyle decals. They were fitted with front side and back anti-roll taverns therefore the "Freestyle" five-spoke alloy tires.
County Rider (France, 1993): designed to attract equestrians, the County Rider ended up being designed with a back flooring liner, rub-strips and wheel-arch protectors, mudflaps, floors mats, an adjustable tow hitch, and a saddle rack. Offered as either a three- or five-door, all were coated green with unique decals.
Rossignol (Australian Continent, 1993): known as for Skis Rossignol, this is a three-door V8i painted in Caprice blue-green metallic and fitted with a ski rack. It had been also installed with rub pieces, wheel arch protectors, alongside items that were optional on base systems.
Camel Trophy (Japan, 1995): All had been painted Sandglow Yellow, and built with roofing racks that are installed metal Camel Trophy dishes. Available is both the V8 with automatic gearbox, or 300Tdi diesel with five-speed manual.
Sunseeker (Germany, 1996): Fitted with a chromed front side bullbar and painted metallic blue with special decals. All are within the five-door setup with deep-dish alloy rims.
Goodwood (UK, 1997): Before it absolutely was found that the name "Goodwood" had been managed because of the people who own the Goodwood Circuit, Land Rover have currently planned production of 500 Goodwood special version examples. These were painted British Racing Green (rebranded to "Goodwood Green") with coachlines and unique badging, and trimmed with a leather-wrapped controls and walnut indoor accents. All had been furthermore fitted with dished alloy wheels. Due to the legal objection towards utilization of the Goodwood name, the single device designed for the London Motor Show had been the only person actually badged as a result as well as the leftover 499 had been kept unnamed.
Horse and Hound (UK, 1997): Twenty of these are produced, as a consequence of a joint advertising effort between Lex land-rover (of Maidenhead) and Horse & Hound magazine. All had been five-door Tdi systems with an individual series quantity and unique decals.
Argyll (UK, 1997): readily available as either a V8i or Tdi and painted either Oxford azure or Woodcote Green. Re-introduced in 1998 as a three-door variant.
Aviemore (UK, 1998): Base on the seven-seat GS design, the Aviemore have unique badging and is offered as either British Racing Green over beige fabric or Rioja Red over grey cloth. It was furthermore built with dished alloy wheels and a heated windscreen.
Anniversary 50 (UK, 1998): Designed to commemorate the 50th anniversary of land-rover, this version have special 50th Anniversary badging and either Atlantis azure or White Gold paint. The inside had been Lightstone leather-based, as well as the wheels are the "Boost" style alloy design. It absolutely was built as a V8 automatic or Tdi (with either the automated or manual gearbox.)
Safari (UK, 1998): once again based on the seven-seat GS, the Safari is painted Epsom Green and ended up being loaded with a rear ladder, roof rails, and extra fog lamps. It was available with either the V8 or Tdi system, even though handbook gearbox was just offered in conjunction with the Tdi. A total of 1,100 were built.
Camel Trophy (Germany, 1998): Painted Sandglow Yellow with "Tornado" style alloy tires. Loaded with a snorkel air intake, path lights, a roof rack, a ladder, and a bullbar.
Trophy (Germany, 1998): to not be mistaken for the "Camel Trophy" version in addition available in Germany throughout the same year, the "Trophy" have alloy tires and air conditioning, twin airbags, a front club with additional lamps, and a unique free tire address. The Trophy was just offered aided by the 300Tdi system.
Esquire (Germany, 1998): such as the Trophy, the Esquire is equipped with twin airbags, air-conditioning, and alloy wheels, nonetheless it has also been standardised with abdominal muscles in addition to inside had been cut with timber and leather-based.
The Rover T16 engine is a 1994 cc fuel injected DOHC inline-four petrol motor produced by Rover from 1992 to 1999. This has a bore of 84.45 mm (3.325 in) and a stroke of 89 mm (3.5 in). Its a development associated with M-Series (M16), that was subsequently a development of this O-Series, which dated back to the BMC B-Series motor as found in the MG B and others.
A number of variants were produced for assorted products, but all have similar displacement. The naturally aspirated kind produced 136 horse power (101 kW), and turbocharged kinds had been readily available with 180 and 200 hp (150 kW).
Even though the system is capable of significant amounts of energy, its restrictive aspect had been the PG1 Powertrain Ltd gearbox it was in conjunction with which may maybe not deal with the torque. For this reason the motor are electronically restricted to a diminished torque production than it is easily effective at, giving the motor a tremendously 'flat' overall torque curve.
Engines utilized by the British organization Land Rover with its 44 cars need included 4-cylinder petrol motors, and 4-cylinder and 5-cylinder diesel engines. 6-cylinder engines are employed for land-rover cars built under licence. Land Rover have made use of numerous 4-cylinder, V8 machines and V6 motors manufactured by others, but this informative article deals only with engines created especially for Land-rover motors.
In the beginning the motors utilized are changed variations of standard Rover car petrol motors, nevertheless need for dedicated in-house units ended up being rapidly realised. 1st engine within the series had been the 2-litre diesel of 1957, which design is improved, broadened and altered over several versions, culminating within the 300Tdi of 1994, which ceased production in 2006. Over 1.2 million engines in the show are built.
From 1998 the Td5 engine ended up being fitted to land-rover goods. Whilst this 5-cylinder turbodiesel was unrelated at all towards the 4-cylinder styles and is initially designed for use within both Rover vehicles and Land Rover 44s they only hit production with its Land Rover form. It absolutely was produced between 1998 and 2007, and 310,000 Td5s are built.
Production of these machines originally occurred at Rover's satellite factory (and ex-Bristol Hercules engine plant) at Acocks Green in Birmingham whilst automobile set up were held during the main Rover works at Solihull. After land-rover was created as a distinct division with Brit Leyland in 1979 production of Rover automobiles at Solihull stopped in 1982. A unique motor assembly-line is integrated the space vacated because of the car outlines and system production began at Solihull in 1983. The engine line at Solihull closed in 2007 whenever Land Rover began using Ford and Jaguar motors built at Dagenham (diesel machines) and Bridgend (petrol engines).
Some land-rover engines have also been found in cars, vans and boats.
This short article best addresses machines developed and produced specifically for Land Rover cars. It does not cover motors developed outside of the organization but used in its services and products, such as the Rover V8, the Rover IOE petrol engines and/or present selection of Ford/Jaguar-derived motors. The machines were given just below into the chronological purchase of the introduction.
The 4HP22 are a four-speed automatic transmission from ZF Friedrichshafen AG for traveler vehicles with back wheel drive or 4X4 design. Introduced in 1980, it absolutely was produced through 2003, and has now become used in a number of cars from BMW, General engines, Jaguar, land-rover, Maserati, Peugeot, and Volvo.
The original Rover version of the system have a displacement of 3,528 cc (215.3 cu in). The bore is 88.9 mm (3.50 in) together with stroke is 71.0 mm (2.80 in). It made use of a sand-cast block with pressed-in metal cylinder liners, and a intake manifold with two HS6 type SU Carburettors. The Rover engine is heavy but stronger than the Buick system, with a dry fat around 170 kg (375 lb). It had been initially offered in the 1967 Rover P5B saloon, at first making 160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp) at 5,200 rpm and 210 lb*ft (280 N*m) of torque at 2,600 rpm on 10.5:1 compression (5-star petrol ended up being nevertheless available in the UK). With the introduction associated with Rover SD1 in 1975, the motor ended up being enhanced with the 'rope' oil seals when it comes to crankshaft ends up changed with lip seals, spark plug dimensions changed in addition to compression proportion decreased to 9.35:1.
Sound video of a 3.5 L Rover V8 engine, as fitted to a 1979 number Rover.
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1967--1973 Rover P5B
1968--1976 Rover P6B
1968--1990 Morgan Plus 8
1970--1989 Land Rover Number Rover
1973--1976 MGB GT V8
1972--1978 Land Rover 101 forwards Control armed forces automobile
1979--1981/2 Success TR8
1978--1985 Land-rover Series III "Phase One"
1976--1987 Rover SD1
1980--1990 TVR 350i
1989--2004 Land Rover Discovery
1983--1994 Land Rover 90/110/Defender
1986--1991 Sisu NA-140 BT all-terrain transportation car
When you look at the late 1970s, British Leyland became aware of the increasing significance of diesel-engined vehicles towards the Brit, European and (especially) us areas in wake associated with the 1979 power crisis. It was decided that a unique variety of diesel engines effective, refined and affordable adequate for use in BL automobiles was required. But with development capital tight, it absolutely was necessary to utilize present BL petrol machines as a base. This included a diesel form of the 3.5-litre V8, the development task that ended up being code-named 'Iceberg'.
BL collaborated with Perkins machines of Peterborough to develop the system. Both naturally aspirated and turbocharged variations had been created, both making use of a Stanadyne rotary mechanical fuel shot system. Energy outputs of around 100 (obviously aspirated) and 150 (turbocharged) horse power are obtained.
The Iceberg system is slated for fitment in the number Rover, Rover SD1 together with Jaguar XJ although task encountered problems with failure of this alloy cylinder minds and inner cooling. They certainly were restricted to the necessity to use the same basic block casting while the petrol system allowing the Iceberg engine to-be created on the same manufacturing line to cut back costs. Whilst these issues might have been conquer, the venture ran into financial and logistical dilemmas caused by the reorganisation of BL and specifically the splitting of land-rover and Rover into individual divisions.
Land Rover took more than production of the V8 motor in 1982, going it from main BL system plant at Acock's Green into a, much lower-capacity production range in Solihull functions, where it was built alongside others Land Rover machines. This required there ended up being no extra capacity to establish diesel models associated with the motor. Combined to the, it was clear the marketplace for big diesel engined automobiles in the united states hadn't created as you expected.
BL finally pulled out from the task in 1983. Perkins at first made a decision to go after the project alone, and even produced marketing and advertising brochures for system as a commercial energy product, but BL withdrew all technical support and venture Iceberg is wrapped up in belated 1983. BL's other collaboration with Perkins (making a diesel version of the O-Series motor) created the extremely effective 'Prima' unit. BL (and its particular Rover Group successor) purchased in 2.5-litre 4-cylinder turbodiesel units from VM Motori to use within the SD1 and Range Rover.
The 3.9 L Rover V8, a bored-out form of the first 3.5 L system, had been used in several land-rover vehicles, TVRs, and the MG RV8.
Land-rover put a 3,946 cc (240.8 cu in) form of the Rover V8 for the 1990s. Bore is risen to 94.0 mm (3.70 in) and stroke stayed the same at 71.0 mm (2.80 in). The motor had been revised in 1995 (and thereafter described as a 4.0 to differentiate it through the prior variation, although displacement stayed exactly the same at 3,946 cc) with a brand new consumption and fatigue program, extra block ribbing, revised pistons, and larger cross-bolted main-bearings. The 1995 4.0 produced 190 hp (142 kW) and 236 lb*ft (320 N*m) .
Production of the 4.0 ended in 2003. The ultimate type of the engine, found in the 2003 land-rover Discovery, created 188 hp (140 kW) at 4,750 rpm and 250 lb*ft (340 N*m) at 2,600 rpm.
1990--2004 Morgan Plus 8
1991--1995 Ginetta G33
1992--1996 MG RV8
1986--1993 TVR S Series
1989--1995 land-rover number Rover (called a 3.9 inside application)
1991--2000 TVR Griffith
1992--2001 TVR Chimaera
1995--1999 Land Rover number Rover in SE trim
1994--1998 land-rover Defender (best put as standard on USA-spec vehicles- readily available and then special purchase various other areas.)
1986--1991 Sisu NA-140 BT all-terrain transport vehicle
1998 Land Rover Defender 50th Anniversary Brief Edition
1996-2002 Land-rover Advancement Show I,II
In the early 1980s TVR approached Andy Rouse with a see to using his race-developed 3.9L variant of the V8 within their Rover-powered 350i 'wedge'; Rouse have successfully campaigned a Rover SD1 with an altered V8 regarding track. For many factors (mostly cost) Rouse's variation wasn't made use of, however the concept ended up being passed away to alternate engineering businesses which resulted in an unusual variation of 3.9. This product has actually 93.5mm cylinder bores (in the place of Rover's very own 94mm which was introduced some many years later on) and thus possess a capacity of 3,905cc. Flat-topped pistons and high-lift camshaft provided a compression ratio of 10.5:1. TVR claimed 275 bhp as the production and whilst this is typically disregarded by aficionados, a healthier 3,905 cc motor will emit more than 240 bhp. Once a reproducible specs have been determined, the majority of engine production was undertaken by North Coventry Kawasaki (NCK), recognise the business is later purchased by TVR in order to become their particular in-house motor unit called TVR Power. About 100 vehicles (TVR 390SE) had been built with the 3,905 cc engine; TVR's subsequent '400' providing becoming based on the then-current number Rover 4L of 3,946 cc.
Land-rover extended the 3,946 cc system the top LSE specification regarding the Timeless Range Rover. The 4.2 L motor had a displacement of 4,275 cc (260.9 cu in), and put the crankshaft castings from failed "Iceberg" diesel motor task. Bore remained the exact same at 94.0 mm (3.70 in), while swing risen to 77.0 mm (3.03 in).