The Volkswagen Transporter (T4), promoted in united states since the Volkswagen Eurovan, try a van generated by the German producer Volkswagen Commercial cars between 1990 and 2003, succeeding the Volkswagen kind 2 (T3) and superseded by the Volkswagen Transporter (T5).
Introduced in 1990, the T4 ended up being the initial Volkswagen van to own a front-mounted, water-cooled engine. Prompted by the popularity of similar moves making use of their traveler cars, Volkswagen had toyed in the late 1970s because of the idea of changing their air-cooled, rear-engined T2 vans with a front-engined, water-cooled build. The causes for deciding in 1980 to rather present a fresh rear-engined T3 tend to be not clear. Hence, the introduction of a front-engined design was delayed before the arrival associated with T4. After a run of nearly 14 many years, T4 manufacturing stopped in 2003, which makes it 2nd only to the T1 for amount of manufacturing in its real estate market.
Part of the popularity of the T4 is their usefulness. It absolutely was for sale in numerous kinds and sizes as standard and created the basis of many specialist cars, from buses to campervans to ambulances.
Two standard wheelbases are available; "quick" (2920mm) and "long" (3320mm).
Human anatomy sort
Panel Van - without any microsoft windows behind the b-pillar; single row of seats
Kombi or Half-Panel - with further microsoft windows involving the b and c-pillars; 2 rows of chairs
Caravelle or Multivan - with microsoft windows at all times; 3 rows of seats (Known as the Eurovan into the US)
Solitary cab - predicated on a SWB chassis
Double taxi - according to a LWB framework (aka Doka, from German: Doppelkabine)
Panel vans were available with two different roof heights; traditional (1940mm) and high-top (2430mm). High-tops are best manufactured regarding LWB framework, although campervan sales usually have pop-top or (usually fibreglass) high-tops added to both SWB and LWB framework.
Vans need either one, roof-hinged "tailgate" or two "barn" doorways at back and either one (passenger side) or double (both side) sliding doorways.
Longer and short-nose
There was one significant renovation towards T4, in 1996, whenever a re-shaped, much longer forward end ended up being introduced. This was had a need to compliment the six-cylinder VR6 system to the T4's engine bay. In the beginning, just Caravelles and Multivans were available using longer nostrils, because these are the only real products available with the VR6 engine.
The commercial variants always been produced aided by the shorter nostrils until 1999. However, campers and other specialist cars created between 1994 and 1999 could have either the quick or the longer nostrils, based which design was utilized given that base automobile. Consistent with the nature 2's naming meeting, the short and long-nose variations may informally known as T4a and T4b, respectively.
Four-wheel Drive (Syncro)
The T4 has also been available with a permanent 4WD system that utilizes a Viscous coupling product as a centre differential to modify the circulation of torque on back axle. These products are called "syncro" and are readily available with the 2.4D, 2.5Tdi and 2.5 petrol machines on all human anatomy sort and both wheelbases. Some syncro versions have a mechanically locking back differential. Considering that the backside differential precludes the keeping of the free wheel in usual location beneath the body, syncro vans either shop they within the body or on an external, hinged bracket.
The T4 was a tremendously preferred base for building a little to medium-sized camper and day-vans, both as self-build projects as well as for professional conversions. Volkswagen by themselves furthermore sold campervan models of this T4, created by and known as after their particular contractor, Westfalia-Werke.
Design motor ID signal motor configuration system displacement DIN rated motive power @ rpm Torque @ rpm Years
1.8 PD inline-4 SOHC 8v 1,781 cc (108.7 cu in) 67 PS (49 kW; 66 bhp) @ 4,000 140 N*m (103 lbf*ft) @ 2,200 1990--1992
2.0 AAC inline-4 SOHC 8v 1,968 cc (120.1 cu in) 84 PS (62 kW; 83 bhp) @ 4,300 159 N*m (117 lbf*ft) @ 2,200 1990--2003
2.5 AAF; ACU inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) 112 PS (82 kW; 110 bhp) @ 4,500 190 N*m (140 lbf*ft) @ 2,200 1990--1997
2.5 AET; APL; AVT inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) 115 PS (85 kW; 113 bhp) @ 4,500 200 N*m (148 lbf*ft) @ 2,200 1997--2003
2.8 VR6 AES VR6 DOHC 12v 2,792 cc (170.4 cu in) 140 PS (103 kW; 138 bhp) @ 4,500 240 N*m (177 lbf*ft) @ 3,000 1996--2000
2.8 V6 AMV, AXK VR6 DOHC 24v 2,792 cc (170.4 cu in) 204 PS (150 kW; 201 bhp) @ 6,200 245 N*m (181 lbf*ft) @ 2,500 2000--2003
Design Engine ID rule Engine configuration system displacement DIN ranked motive power @ rpm Torque @ rpm many years
1.9 D 1X inline-4 SOHC 8v 1,896 cc (115.7 cu in) 61 PS (45 kW; 60 bhp) @ 3,700 127 N*m (94 lbf*ft) @ 1,700 1990--1995
1.9 TD ABL inline 4 SOHC 8v 1,896 cc (115.7 cu in) 68 PS (50 kW; 67 bhp) @ 3,700 140 N*m (103 lbf*ft) @ 2,000-3,000 1993--2003
2.4 D AJA inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,370 cc (144.6 cu in) 75 PS (55 kW; 74 bhp) @ 3,700 160 N*m (118 lbf*ft) @ 1,900-2,900 1997--2003
2.4 D AAB inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,370 cc (144.6 cu in) 78 PS (57 kW; 77 bhp) @ 3,700 164 N*m (121 lbf*ft) @ 1,800 1990--1998
Turbocharged Direct Injections
Design Engine ID code motor setup motor displacement DIN rated motive power @ rpm Torque @ rpm Compression proportion many years
2.5 TDI AJT; AYY inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) 88 PS (65 kW; 87 bhp) @ 3,700 195 N*m (144 lbf*ft) @ 2,000-2,600 19,5 1998--2003
2.5 TDI ACV; AUF; AYC; AXL inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) 102 PS (75 kW; 101 bhp) @ 3,500 250 N*m (184 lbf*ft) @ 1,900-2,300 19,5 1995--2003
2.5 TDI AHY; AXG inline-5 SOHC 10v 2,461 cc (150.2 cu in) 151 PS (111 kW; 149 bhp) @ 4,000 295 N*m (218 lbf*ft) @ 1,900-3000 19,0 1998--2003
The Transporter T4 is exported to united states from 1992 until 2003 under the moniker Eurovan.
In the US, the short wheelbase Eurovan 5-cylinder passenger products (CL, GL, GLS, and MV) had been best marketed for model season 1993. Smaller than a typical US delivery van, but bigger than an American or Japanese passenger minivan, Volkswagen played up their dimensions utilizing the motto, "EuroVan: you'll find nothing mini about this". VW only imported all of them toward US for example year because selling in america are disappointing, but business carried on in Canada and Mexico. VW reintroduced the Eurovan passenger systems in america for model season 1999 with a VR6 system as standard, and discontinued it once more with globally T4s after 2003. The handbook transmission was not offered in united states utilizing the VR6 system.
VW brought in the short wheelbase Eurovan 5-cylinder fuel system traveler systems (CL, GL, GLS, MV Weekender and Westfalia Camperised) to Canada from 1991 to 1996. The 77 hp 2,4L diesel system is recommended in Canada between 1993 to 1996. The long wheelbase variation has also been on offer in 1992 only as a 10 seaters CL or GL design trim. Combi and crewcab pick-up versions (marketed as Transporter) had been furthermore obtainable in 1992. A panel variation (lengthy wb only) is marketed from 1993 to 1997.
The Eurovan Camper by Winnebago was launched in the usa and Canada in 1995 utilizing the five-cylinder motor, and is upgraded towards VR6 for the 1997-2003 systems. We were holding best on the extended 3,320 mm (131 in) wheelbase T4. These small pop top camper vans is special in the united states and also have created a cult following.
Winnebago additionally built three small lessons C motorhomes aided by the forward taxi of this T4/Eurovan known as the Rialta, Vista, and Sunstar(Itasca branded). The Rialta was for sale in 1995-1996 using five-cylinder engine, in 1997-2001 using AES type of the VR6, and in 2002-2005 with the AXK motor. The Vista and Sunstar were just produced in 2002-2004, all utilising the AXK motor.
In the U.S., the versions were:
the seven-seat Eurovan CL,GL, and GLS
the Eurovan MV, where second row of chairs deal with a corner consequently they are removable, the next row converts into a sleep, a foldable table within the traveler room, window treatments, and a fluorescent lamp above dining table.
the Eurovan MV Weekender, an MV plus a Westfalia transformation that adds a pop-top roof, an extra overhead sleep, bug screens for negative windows and rear hatch, complete group of curtains, auxiliary battery, fluorescent interior lights and under seat thermoelectric cooler.
the Eurovan Camper, the longer wheelbase commercial van converted by Winnebago sectors to include a pop-top roofing, two two-person bedrooms, sitting for four (plus recommended single or two-person center seating), a one cubic foot ice box that works on propane, DC, or AC, a propane furnace, a closet, cabinets, sink with chilled water and a gray water container, a two-burner propane kitchen stove, two two-person dinette tables, advisor power, home illumination, additionally the two front container seating meant to swivel around to manage the dinette/kitchen location. The 2000 EVC is 17 ft longer (5,189 mm.)