● Introductory Pages
About this Manual; Introduction to the Toyota Prado; Vehicle Identification Numbers; Buying Parts; Maintenance Techniques, Tools and Working Facilities; Fraction/Decimal/Millimeter Equivalents; Jacking and Towing; Booster Battery (jump) starting; Automotive Chemicals and Lubricants; Conversion Factors; Safety First!; Troubleshooting
● Routine Maintenance
● 2.7 litre 4 Cylinder Petrol Engine
● 3.4 litre V6 Petrol Engine
● 4.0 litre V6 Petrol Engine
● 3.0 litre 4 Cylinder Diesel Engine
● General Engine overhaul Procedures
● Cooling, Heating and Air Conditioning
● Fuel and Exhaust Systems - Petrol Engines
● Fuel and Exhaust Systems - Diesel Engines
● Engine Electrical Systems
● Emissions & Engine Control Systems
● Manual Transmission
● Automatic Transmission
● Transfer Case
● Clutch & Driveline
● Suspension and Steering Systems
● Chassis Electrical System
● Wiring Diagrams
Covers everything you need to know, step by step procedures, hundreds of photographs and illustrations, routine maintenance, wiring diagrams, repairs and overhauls, and what tools to buy. Gregory's manuals are based on an actual vehicle stripdown and are researched and written by automotive engineers with vast experience.
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado are a mid-size four-wheel drive car inside Toyota Land Cruiser number. Its from the Japanese vehicle manufacturer, Toyota Motor organization. The Prado is one of the smaller automobiles into the range. The 2014 Prado is dependent on Toyota's J150 system.
The Prado may also be known as Land Cruiser LC70, LC90, LC120, and LC150 according to the system.
In the united states, the Prado it's not an element of the Land Cruiser range; the Toyota 4Runner replaces the Prado with fundamental trim even though the rebadged Lexus GX consumes the Prado's position in luxury trim. The GX utilizes practically identical human body panels and V8 system.
Prados need ladder structures, two-speed transfer containers and rear beam axles. The J70 platform have a front side beam axle whilst J90, J120, and J150 platforms have front separate suspension system.
At the time of 2014, the LC Prado comes in every Toyota marketplace, except, the united states, Canada (both available given that Lexus GX), Mexico, and South Korea.
The Lexus GX was an extra mid-size recreation energy vehicle (SUV) sold in united states and Eurasian areas by Lexus. The name GX signifies Grand Crossover. Lexus launched 1st generation, referred to as GX 470 in 2002, and consequently became the 3rd SUV to enter the Lexus lineup. A five-speed automatic ended up being always standard, as is a full-time four-wheel-drive system with low-range gearing. The 4.7-liter V8 engine in GX 470 was just like used on the larger LX 470. The company next introduced the second generation design last year. Now badged GX 460 to reflect the change to a 4.6-liter V8 motor, Lexus later introduced less displacement GX 400 in 2012 the Chinese marketplace, with a 4.0-liter V6 motor.
Within the Lexus lineup, the GX can be found between their crossover equivalent, the RX, and also the premiums full-size LX. All GX manufacturing features happened on Tahara plant in Japan, alongside the Toyota Land Cruiser Prado. Indeed, both years associated with the GX have already been greatly in line with the Prado, with updated frontal styling to raised incorporate with the Lexus design language. In other places, the modifications become less prominent and primarily restricted to lesser trimmings, such rims and taillamp contacts inserts. Around, the first generation interior mostly mirrors compared to the Toyota-badged variation, however for the next generation, the interior has-been further individualised with less provided componentry.
The Toyota 4Runner try a mid-size sport utility car (SUV) made by the Japanese producer Toyota and sold around the world from 1984 to provide. In Japan it was known as the Toyota Hilux browse . The initial 4Runner had been a tight SUV and little more than a Toyota vehicle with a fiberglass layer over the sleep, but the model have since undergone significant separate development into a cross between a concise and a mid-size SUV. All 4Runners have been built at Toyota's Tahara plant at Tahara, Aichi, Japan, or at Hino engines' Hamura, Japan plant, and in Brazil. Their mid-size crossover SUV equivalent is the Toyota Highlander.
Hilux Surf designs in Japan were extensively shipped as made use of motors to Somalia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, United Kingdom, Ireland, unique Zealand, and Australian Continent.
For Southeast Asia the Hilux search was replaced in 2005 by the comparable Fortuner, that is based on the Hilux platform.
At the time of 2014, the 4Runner is sold into the U.S., Canada, core America, Bahamas, Ecuador, Peru, and Chile.
The 4Runner came in at #3 in a 2016 research by iSeeCars.com ranking the most effective 10 longest-lasting cars. The 4Runner have 5.2per cent of vehicles over 200,000 miles, according to the iSeeCars learn.
In May 1996, the J70 series underwent a makeover and surfaced whilst the J90 show Prado, an independent series. The body had been lengthened. The look remained moderate task, like the J70. The leading suspension was changed with an independent build, shared with Tacoma and Hilux search, produced by Hino. The J90 ended up being produced by Tahara Plant, offered as a three-door short wheelbase and five-door long wheelbase version.
In Japan, the 3-door series begun with a roentgen when you look at the show ranging from RZ, RX, RS to RJ while the 5-door line-up going with T within the series ranging from TZ, TX, TS, to TJ. All systems included front two fold wishbone and 4 connected suspension including full-time 4WD. ABS and a Field track showing altimeter, thermometer and stress had been standard in all the brands. The area monitor was not available as standard gear in South Africa. Television screen and audio set is optional.
Fuel engines included the 2.7 L (2693 cc) 3RZ-FE and, latest in Prado versions, the 3.4 L (3378 cc) V6 5VZ-FE. Diesel motors are the 2.8 L (2776 cc) 3L motor, the 3.0 L (2986 cc) 5L system and the 3.0 L (2982 cc) 1KZ-TE.
There clearly was additionally an extravagance type of the J90, called the Challenger. Attributes of the Challenger is standard leather seating and wood on the dash.
By Summer 1999, lesser adjustment are made. Being follow newer guidelines, fog-lamps are added to the bumper, except in South Africa. In July 2000, a diesel system, the 3.0 L (2982 cc) typical railway Diesel injections (D-4D) 1KD-FTV had been launched into this design. To cut back theft, an engine immobilizer is available. TX Limited with 8 seats put TX base with roofing train, backside under mirror, timber panel finish, armrest, optitron meter, base cooling plus back heater ended up being launched into this series.
The Prado was assembled by Sofasa in Colombia from 1999 until 2009 without significant modifications. There have been two models, a 3-door with a 2.7 L motor and 5-door with a 3.4 L V6 motor with either a 5-speed manual or a 4-speed automatic. Between 2005 and 2009 they provided an optional armoured type of the 5-door variation.
Once the Prado was launched in the UK in 1996, it had been known as the Land Cruiser Colorado and changed the 4Runner, which had been stopped from sale. It absolutely was labeled as this to tell apart they through the larger Land Cruiser -- rebranded since the Land Cruiser Amazon -- that has been already on sale. It fallen the Colorado title tag in 2003, when it was renamed merely Land Cruiser. Into the Republic of Ireland most Land Cruisers had been offered as advertisements using the part house windows and seats eliminated for tax factors.
A multi-link suspension system is a kind of car suspension design usually found in independent suspensions, using three or higher horizontal hands, and one or even more longitudinal hands. A wider meaning considers any separate suspensions having three controls backlinks or higher multi-link suspensions. These hands do not have to become of equal size, and could feel angled from their particular "obvious" path. It had been initially introduced into the late 1960s regarding the Mercedes-Benz C111. and later on the W201 and W124 series,.
Usually each arm has actually a spherical shared (basketball joint) or rubber bushing at each and every end. Consequently, they react to loads along their own length, in stress and compression, yet not in flexing. Some multi-links manage incorporate a trailing arm or wishbone, with two bushings at one end.
On a forward suspension system among horizontal arms try replaced because of the tie-rod, which links the rack or steering package towards wheel hub.
So that you can streamline comprehension, its typical to consider the event of the hands in all of three orthogonal planes.
Solid axle setup
For an excellent axle vehicle the multi website link suspension system produces control of the axle during suspension system biking also to find the axle in car. The most frequent is the four website link with panhard bar. It is present in many cars and trucks. The four website link can be used greatly in off road race and pull racing. The four website link for an excellent axle features a couple of modifications such as the triangulated four website link and double triangulated four connect. Although common in off road automobiles they're maybe not commonly found on the street.
Solenoid or piezoelectric valves make possible fine digital control of the fuel shot time and volume, and the greater stress that the common railway technology presents produces much better gas atomisation. To lower engine sounds, the engine's electric control unit can inject a tiny bit of diesel prior to the main injections occasion ("pilot" injection), therefore lowering their explosiveness and vibration, along with optimising injections timing and amount for modifications in gas high quality, cold starting and so forth. Some advanced common rail gas systems perform as many as five shots per stroke.
Common railway machines need a really short (< 10 moments) to no heating-up time, based on background temperature, and emit reduced motor sound and emissions than elderly methods.
Diesel machines have actually historically put different forms of gasoline injection. Two common sort through the device shot program additionally the distributor/inline pump methods (read diesel motor and unit injector to find out more). While these old systems offered accurate gasoline quantity and shot time control, these people were restricted to a number of elements:
They certainly were cam driven, and shot force is proportional to engine rate. This typically meant your finest shot force could only be accomplished within greatest motor rate as well as the maximum doable injections pressure reduced as system speeds decreased. This union does work along with pumps, also those utilized on common rail systems. With device or provider methods, the injections stress is tied to the instantaneous pressure of an individual pumping occasion without any accumulator, and so the relationship is more prominent and problematic.
These were brief inside quantity and timing of injection activities that would be commanded during an individual burning occasion. While numerous shot occasions become feasible with these older systems, it is far more difficult and pricey to attain.
For the typical distributor/inline system, the beginning of shot occurred at a pre-determined force (also known as: pop music pressure) and finished at a pre-determined force. This characteristic resulted from "dummy" injectors in the cylinder mind which established and closed at pressures decided by the springtime preload placed on the plunger into the injector. When the pressure when you look at the injector achieved a pre-determined amount, the plunger would raise and shot would begin.
In accordance rail methods, a high-pressure pump stores a reservoir of fuel at high pressure --- as much as and above 2,000 bars (200 MPa; 29,000 psi). The word "common train" refers to the undeniable fact that the gas injectors tend to be supplied by a standard gasoline rail that is nothing more than a pressure accumulator in which the gas is accumulated at high-pressure. This accumulator provides multiple gas injectors with high-pressure gasoline. This simplifies the objective of the high-pressure pump because it best needs to keep a commanded pressure at a target (either mechanically or electronically controlled). The fuel injectors are generally ECU-controlled. Whenever gasoline injectors become electrically triggered, a hydraulic device (composed of a nozzle and plunger) are mechanically or hydraulically launched and fuel was dispersed into the cylinders at desired stress. Considering that the fuel pressure energy is stored from another location together with injectors are electrically actuated, the shot pressure at the start and end of injections is quite close to the stress in the accumulator (railway), hence creating a square shot price. If accumulator, pump and plumbing system is sized properly, the shot stress and rate could be the exact same for every single of multiple shot events.
Appearing in 2002, the next generation Prado has actually modified forward suspension system to enhance dependability. Development began in 1997 and build work in 1998, because of the winning proposal from Lance Scott regarding the Toyota ED2 design studio in France in late 1999.
Engines are the 2.7 L (2693 cc) straight-4 3RZ-FE, 3.4 L (3378 cc) V-6 5VZ-FE and 3.0 L (2982 cc) straight-4 Turbo diesel 1KZ-TE. In region like China, a newly developed system 1GR-FE V6 is available. The engine immobilizer became standard products in a few markets.
In August 2004, the 3RZ-FE motor was changed by 2.7 L (2694 cc) 2TR-FE engine plus in July of the identical season, the 5VZ-FE system was changed by 4.0 L (3955 cc) V6 1GR-FE engine with 5-speed automated transmission for sale in late 2005. In united states, this model is known as the Lexus GX 470 with all the 4.7 L (4663 cc) V8 2UZ-FE engine.
Diesel versions experienced the 1KZ-TE turbo diesel system with optimum result score 96 kW (131 PS; 129 hp) plus the 5L-E normal aspirated diesel system score 70 kW (95 PS; 94 hp). In November 2006, Toyota launched the 1KD-FTV Turbo Diesel (D-4D motor to meet up Euro IV emission guidelines. This motor delivers 127 kW (173 PS; 170 hp) of power and 410 N*m (300 lb*ft) of torque. The upgrade to your D-4D system was also paired with transmission improvements towards the diesel number, with the 5-speed automated and 6-speed manual transmissions added in line with the petrol driven number. From August 2007 the Prado received a few equipment and security updates. The vehicle possess won 3 awards to find the best results on a SUV type car in Australian Continent and US.
The 120-series secure Cruiser Prado shares exactly the same suspension areas while the current generation Hilux Surf/4Runner and FJ Cruiser.
There is certainly a faster three home version of the 120-series, with a 125-code in place of 120. Machines are exactly the same, most services are identical; simply the 1KZ-TE was only for sale in five home version. The 3 door wagon services only two chair rows. The gas container is bound to 87 L, no sub-fuel-tank program offered.
For design seasons 2007 on Japanese systems best, G-BOOK, a subscription telematics services, emerges as an alternative. In Asia, Dadi automobile made a clone of this suv called the Dadi Shuttle. Japan Prado contains 6 trim amount known as Gx, Tx, Tz, Tx brief, Tzg and Tz brief. The highest requirements design called Tz limited consisted of features like forward driver and traveler heated seats, heated external mirrors, flexible environment suspension, hill start assist control downhill assist controls, central differential lock and sometimes engine automobile home heating.
The 3RZ-FE was a 2.7 L (2,693 cc) version. Bore try 95 mm and swing try 95 mm. Compression proportion try 9.5 to at least one. result is 150 hp (112 kW) at 4800 RPM with 177 lb*ft (240 N*m) of torque at 4000 RPM. This system features twin, chain-driven balance shafts. It offers four valves per cylinder and DOHC. Valve modification is through shim over container.
3RZ-FE in a Toyota T100
1995--2004 Toyota Tacoma 4x4
1996--2000 Toyota 4Runner
1994--1998 Toyota T100
1995--2002 Toyota Granvia
1995-2004 Toyota Hilux
?-2004-? Toyota HiAce
2001-2009 Toyota Land Cruiser (Venezuela)
2001-2006? Toyota Land Cruiser Prado
1998-2002Toyota Touring Hiace
First appearing in 2000, the 1KD-FTV is just one of the most recent machines built by Toyota.
The 1KD-FTV try a 3.0L (2982cc) straight-4 common railway diesel motor with an adjustable geometry turbocharger and Intercooler. This has 16 valves and a DOHC (double overhead camshaft) design. Bore was 96 mm and swing try 103 mm. It generates 172.72 hp (127 kW) at 3400 rpm, and 260 lbf*ft (352 N*m) of torque at 1800-3400 rpm according to target audience and emission requirements. In a few areas, outputs are 127kW/410Nm and 140kW/420Nm. Redline of this system is at 4200 RPM. Compression ratio are 17.9:1.
This engine utilizes Toyota's D-4D typical Rail fuel injections technologies operating at ultra higher pressures as much as 135 mpa (1350 club or just around 19,580 psi) which can be about 8 days more than pressure of mainstream gasoline shot techniques within a "typical railway" that feeds the injectors on all four cylinders. This is along with a 32-bit ECU which manages gas volume, valve-timing, and boost pressure at different system parameters causing top fuel economy and also full using power during speed. Pilot shot normally employed by the common rail fuel program to smooth motor process. Small amounts of fuel is introduced in to the combustion chamber prior to the primary shot occasion, reducing lag some time marketing more continuous and complete combustion. Outside and interior engine sound is also paid down.
The 1KD motor brings 17per cent additional energy with 11per cent less gasoline intake than its forerunner, the 1KZ system.
This motor was used in Toyota Land Cruiser Prado, third Generation Hilux browse and now used in the Toyota Fortuner, Hiace and Toyota Hilux.
The 4th generation happens to be available in some markets since October 2009. There are 2 base alternatives, five-door and three-door. The five door variant when you look at the general marketplace is offered in TXL & VXL grades -- that are alot more choice packed. This generation of Prado qualities higher level 4WD and a range of digital devices. This generation of this Prado exists in the US badged because the 2010 model season Lexus GX 460 with luxury trim.
Depending on the markets, the fourth generation is present with an under-floor mounted or back home installed free wheel. As an example, UNITED KINGDOM cars have the free wheel-mounted in floors, while in Australian Continent and Argentina the spare wheel was installed on the trunk home, leaving area for an auxiliary gasoline tank, that will be desirable in countries in which long journeys in isolated areas may be needed. The gasoline capability of the twin tank show four try 150 L versus 179 L of show three.
The removable 3rd line three-seaters for the J120 were replaced by fold-into-floor seating which seat just a couple -- which can be in addition in charge of a loss in cargo capacity, the decrease in dual gas capacity and usable level within the cargo area.
On the higher end VX and Kakadu products, you can find six camera opportunities enabling viewing into the front and straight down, sideways both forward and back, and a corner. The system stayed the exact same, even though automated gear changes guidelines were modified for optimum fuel economic climate instead of maximum overall performance, even yet in recreations mode.
The fourth generation Prado was launched in Australia on 16 November 2009. Five-door versions through the GX, GXL, VX, and high-end Kakadu. The Altitude model, introduced in 2012, was priced between your GXL and VX, and it has satellite navigation, two-way moon roofing, fabric accented trim, and 7" Fujitsu-Ten touch-screen/multimedia center. Three-door faster wheelbase brands are the SX and ZR.
In late 2013, Toyota fallen the poorly attempting to sell 2-door Prado alternatives. 2013 additionally spotted a refresh, with additional standard gear, new front panels, and brand-new headlights. Higher specification brands received Light-emitting Diode headlights and suspension progress.
Unlike in Japan, Toyota Australia retained the 4.0L V6 energy unit (Model: GRL150R) for the midlife facelift in Summer 2015, the energy output has increased 5 kW to 207 kW (281 PS; 278 hp) and 381 N*m (281 lb*ft) of torque. All GXL design received a 7" Sat-nav as standard.
The 1GR-FE could be the 4.0 L (3956 cc) version, created for longitudinal mounting in RWD and 4WD pickup programs. This has a 94 mm bore and a stroke of 95 mm. Result are 236 hp (176 kW) at 5200 rpm with 266 lb*ft (361 N*m) of torque at 4000 rpm on 87 octane, and 239 hp (178 kW) at 5200 rpm with 278 lb*ft (377 N*m) at 3700 rpm on 91 octane. This motor features Toyota's VVT-i, variable valve timing program regarding consumption cam and a compression ratio of 10.0:1. Provider pounds, including fluids, are 166 kg (366 lb).
an updated type of this engine features Dual VVT-i, increasing production to 270 hp (201 kW) and 278 lb*ft (377 N*m) on 87 octane and 285 hp (213 kW) and 289 lb*ft (392 N*m) on 91 octane. Around, the 1GR makes use of a "taper-squish" burning chamber build with matching pistons to improve anti-knocking and motor results, while also enhancing consumption and supply effectiveness. Toyota followed a siamese-type intake interface, which decrease the outer lining section of the port wall space and stops gas from adhering to such walls. This system has special cast-iron cylinder liners cast to the block, that are a spiny means to improve adhesion involving the lining and cylinder block. By using these special slim liners it's impractical to bore the block. In the eventuality of cylinder wall surface harm (scoring, deep protrusions, etc.), the whole cylinder block needs to be changed. For increasing block rigidity, the 1GR furthermore obtains a top heat plastic insulator/protector, which fills the bare space between the outer percentage of the cylinders and block information typical to open deck engines. For enhanced soothing effectiveness, the 1GR employs liquids passages between the bores of motor. There are two such passages for every single lender for an overall total of four. This reduces cylinder hot-spotting and keeps combustion chamber temperature considerably uniform.
A bolt-on TRD supercharger system was on the Tacoma and FJ Cruiser but has-been discontinued by Toyota.